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Who Invented Soccer? – A History of the Sport
Football as we know it today has its origins in the UK. England is the birthplace of modern football, but since time immemorial exist in almost all cultures and peoples of the world very similar to football games.
The current rules of football or football (or soccer as it is called in the United States), born in 1863. Then the fledgling English football association (Football Association) drafted based on the rules of Cambridge, the first official document that established the shape of the modern game of football, rules that underwent some changes over the following years, but were essentially irrelevant.
Football (whose technical name is association football) is a sister game of rugby, which in turn branches into other sports such as soccer or Australian rules football, among other variations of what was originally the same game , of course today with abundant differences own entity and each of them.
The Chinese, the Greeks, the Romans, and even the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas, played and practiced very similar games in essence: two very different teams, in a delimited area, and with a ball that either had to make representations towards the field opponent either make a transfer or puerta. In arc determined by the Egyptian tombs were found data of a sport practiced by the year 2500 BC Although no precise data on how they played or what was, if it is known that the ball used in the game is made of animal nerves (catgut) to better bounce.
Although it is assumed that it was the Romans who introduced the sport to what is now England, as they extended their empire to these lands, there are no precise data on this. , while there is a history of similar games played by Celtic, and closer in time to the Normans.
More specifically, we know that the sport that was to lay the foundations of modern football had been played since the 8th century in the British Isles, with variations in place and time. Initially almost without rules, and even unrestricted players sometimes play the ball was very popular and even violent. King Edward II banned it in 1314, in order to abandon his subjects to the practice of archery, where the army needed trained and competent soldiers.
Historians agree that the origin of football is linked to fertility rituals. Thus the ball symbolizes the sun, and the playground for sowing, what to do when crossing the sun to ensure a good harvest.
In the middle of the 19th century began to unify the rules, and in 1846 at the University of rugby the first game was played with common rules of the sport that began to be called football. Over the next few years, a series of intensive regulatory and modality discussions divided the players, giving rise to so much rugby football.
The rules of modern football (which have introduced variations over the years) were laid down by the English Football Association in 1863. The institution was founded on October 26 of that year, this date is often taken as the basis for soccer. On December 8 of the same year, the schools and universities particularly encouraged by the game of hands finally withdrew from the partnership, and animate the Rugby Football Union.
These years are very rich in stories and anecdotes. What happened in the middle of the 19th century, is at the origin of all the most popular sports groups today: football, rugby, soccer, basketball, handball, among many others.
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