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5 Common Sports Injuries: Their Prevention and Treatment
Sports injuries are the most common type of injury that occurs when engaging in vigorous exercise or sports activities. They are mainly due to poor training methods, weaknesses and abnormalities in the structural framework as well as risky training environments. Although many of these injuries are harmless and can be treated with rest and home remedies; some of them are serious and need professional help. In the following discussion, we will further explore the types of sports injuries and how to prevent and cure them.
Learn more about sports injuries
1. Knee injuries are the most common among athletes. A variety of patella aches and pains together can be referred to as runner’s knee. People who participate in activities such as cycling, swimming and aerobics or sports such as basketball, football and volleyball mainly suffer from these complex problems. Athletes often have to change shoes and insoles. They should not train on hard surfaces and rest between exercise sessions. Apply ice and use anti-inflammatory ointments to treat such injuries.
2. Shoulder dislocations and sprains and strains are common among athletes who participate in basketball, volleyball, tennis, swimming and weightlifting. These problems occur when the rotator cuff or groups of tendons and muscles around the shoulders relax, leading to stiffness, pain, slipping, and weakness in the shoulders. Strengthening the muscles between workouts is necessary. RICE treatment (rest, ice, compression, elevation) could be given at home. If this does not work, patients should consult one of the effective sports orthopedic specialists.
3. Soccer, basketball, hockey and volleyball players are familiar with ankle sprains. Rapid jumping, spinning, running movements can twist the ankle or even lead to tearing of ligaments and tendons. In case of these injuries, the RICE treatment helps. Massaging the ankles would prevent swelling.
4. A concussion is an injury that occurs as a result of a violent blow to the head. Dizziness, disorientation, amnesia, blurred vision, and loss of balance are some of the common symptoms of this medical condition. Athletes who play sports like boxing, hockey, and soccer are primarily at risk for concussion. While some people return to their normal jobs, multiple concussions can cause lasting damage. Rest may be the only treatment for concussions; however, patients should seek help from medical professionals in severe cases.
5. Lack of flexibility and fatigue can lead to pulled muscles in athletes. Hamstrings and calves are the most common types of muscle pull-ups. They could be extremely painful and lead to bruising. The ideal way to prevent this condition is to stretch before exercises. RICE treatment and anti-inflammatory medications are useful in case of muscle twitching. In severe cases, patients might be taken to sports orthopedic specialists.
The aforementioned discussion of the most common types of sports injuries, their prevention and treatment would certainly be helpful to many sports people.
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